A controlled study of agoraphobia and the independent effect of virtual reality exposure therapy

- The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - Authors: Malbos, E., Rapee, M.R. & Kavakli, M.

OBJECTIVES: Past controlled clinical trials centred on virtual reality exposure therapy (VRET) for agoraphobia mostly used multicomponent therapy with success. However, the present paper aimed to evaluate the independent effect of VRET for agoraphobia. METHODS: A controlled study involving 18 agoraphobic participants assigned to two groups: VRET only and VRET with cognitive therapy. Nine specific [...]

Break in volition: a virtual reality study in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder

- Experimental Brain Research - Authors:Cipresso, P., La Paglia, F., La Cascia, C., Riva, G., Albani, G. & La Barbera, D.

Research in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) produced inconsistent results in demonstrating an association between patients’ symptom severity and their cognitive impairments. The process involved in volition aspects of behavioral syndromes can be extensively analyzed using specific tests developed in virtual environments, more suitable to manipulate rules and possible breaks of the normal task execution with different, [...]

Perceptions of virtual reality among therapists who do not apply this technology in clinical practice.

- Psychological Services, 9(3):310-315.2012 - Authors: Schwartzman, D., Segal R. & Drapeau, M.

Research has documented the usefulness of virtual reality (VR) in treating a number of psychopathologies. Despite its recognized clinical utility, VR remains underutilized in clinical practice. For the purpose of this study, 262 therapists who reported that they did not currently use VR in psychotherapy were surveyed about their perceptions of the use of this [...]

Using Virtual Reality for PTSD Treatment in Criminal Violence Victims

- Journal of CyberTherapy and Rehabilitation, 5(1):65-67. - Authors: Cárdenas, G. & De La Rosa, A.

Criminal violence is associated with mental health problems such as depression and substance use and abuse. However, one of most important psychological repercussions linked with victims of violence is Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PSTD). In Mexico, 11% of the population over 18 years has experienced a crime. In Ciudad Juarez, a border city in northern Mexico [...]

A Feasibility Study of Virtual Reality-Based Coping Skills Training for Nicotine Dependence

- Research on Social Work Practice, 22(3):293-300. - Authors: Bordnick, P.S., Traylor, A.C., Carter, B.L. & Graap, K.M.

Objective: Virtual reality (VR)-based cue reactivity has been successfully used for the assessment of drug craving. Going beyond assessment of cue reactivity, a novel VR-based treatment approach for smoking cessation was developed and tested for feasibility. Method: In a randomized experiment, 10-week treatment feasibility trial, 46 nicotine-dependent adults, completed the10-week program. Virtual reality skills training [...]

Virtual Reality Cognitive-Behavior Therapy for Public Speaking Anxiety: One-Year Follow-Up

- Behavior Modification, 36(2):235-246. - Authors: Safir, M.P., Wallach, H.S. & Bar-Zvi, M.

Public speaking anxiety (PSA) is a common social phobia. Although cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT) is the treatment of choice, difficulties arise with both in vivo and in vitro exposure (lack of therapist control, patient’s inability to imagine, self-flooding, and a lack of confidentiality resulting from public exposure). Virtual reality CBT (VRCBT) enables a high degree of [...]

Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy in Anxiety Disorders: A Quantitative Meta-Analysis

- Depression & Anxiety, 29(2):85-93. - Authors: Opris, D., Pintea, S., García-Palacios, A., Botella, C., Szamosköski, S. & David, D.

“Virtual reality exposure therapy (VRET) is a promising intervention for the treatment of the anxiety disorders. The main objective of this meta-analysis is to compare the efficacy of VRET, used in a behavioral or cognitive-behavioral framework, with that of the classical evidence-based treatments, in anxiety disorders. A comprehensive search of the literature identified 23 studies [...]